FORUM-ASIA, as the Secretariat of the Asian NGO Network on National Human Rights Institutions (ANNI), is delighted to present the publication of the 2018 ANNI Report on the Performance and Establishment of the National Human Rights Institutions in Asia. We would like to express our sincere gratitude and appreciation for all the indefatigable work carried out and the dedication shown by all 36 member-organisations of ANNI. We would also like to extend our sincere gratitude to the NHRIs that have contributed to the publication.
Similarly to what we have been doing for more than ten years, the 2018 ANNI Report is based on country reports with analysis of the performance of each country’s national human rights institution, or the progress made towards the possible establishment of a national
human rights institution, during 2017 and the first quarter of 2018. The country reports are structured according to ANNI Reporting Guidelines that were consulted on, discussed, and framed by the ANNI members at the 11th Regional Consultation of ANNI held in Kathmandu, Nepal in March 2018.
The 2018 ANNI Report analyses the performance and effectiveness of national human rights institutions across the Asia-Pacific region by employing the lens of the Paris Principles together with the General Observations of the GANHRI Sub-Committee on Accreditation (SCA) including, for instance, an examination of the mandates of the NHRIs, the pluralism of the national human rights Commissioners, and NHRIs’ engagement with civil society.
‘Reasonable Doubt, the Journey Within – A Report on the Performance of the ASEAN Human Rights Mechanisms in 2017’ is the eighth annual review by FORUM-ASIA together with the Solidarity for Asian People’s Advocacy (SAPA) Task Force on ASEAN and Human Rights and Working Group on ASEAN (SAPA TFAHR & WGA).
The report presents a review of the performance of the human rights mechanisms of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) – the ASEAN Intergovernmental Commission on Human Rights (AICHR) and the ASEAN Commission on the Promotion and the Protection of the Rights of Women and Children (ACWC) – in 2017.
This Annual Report covers the period between July 2017 and June 2018.
As the ASEAN moves toward e orts at responding to natural disaters as a region, it has yet to fully integrate the gender approach in its regional disaster response. Already in the community-building phase of its institutional evolution, certain issues still remain in the norm-construction stage. In the case of women’s human rights in particularly di cult circumstances (e.g. natural disasters situations), there is very faint discursive recognition in institutional agreements. In the case of individual ASEAN Member States (AMS), there are more evident e orts as regards mainstreaming gender in natural disaster institutional infrastructure and mechanisms – although with some countries fairly more advanced than others.
This study was undertaken in order to compile policies and practices on women’s protection in situations of natural disasters and to document best practices in gender mainstreaming in natural disaster response and assistance, particularly, those that provide spaces for women’s participation. It was guided by an institutionalist perpective that sought to locate gender in laws, policies/plans, institutions, and practices.
This Annual Report covers the period between July 2016 and June 2017
The ASIAN Forum for Human Rights and Development (FORUM-ASIA) is proudly presents the Annual Report on the Performance of ASEAN Intergovernmental Commission on Human Rights and ASEAN Commission on Women and Children (ACWC). With the title “Have They Passed Their Litmus Test”, the report seeks to discuss progress and challenges of both institutions on carried out their mandate well as their engagement with civil society organizations (CSOs) to uphold human rights issues in the region in 2016.
Despite of the consultative mechanisms status established by AICHR in the year in order to channel the engagement for civil society and the attempt of ACWC to echo information on regional action plans on eradicating violence against women and children (RPAs on EVAW and EVAC), the silence of both ASEAN human rights mechanisms for responding to human rights issues in ASEAN continued to remain a cause for profound concern. With the crackdowns in ASEAN member states, there is no other time better than this for AICHR and ACWC to exercise their mandate and hold ASEAN accountable.
Through the report, FORUM-ASIA calls for strengthening the mandate of AICHR and ACWC from promoting to monitoring, protecting, and provide recommendations to address profound human rights issues in ASEAN, immediately by revising the Term of Reference for work of both mechanisms and establishing independent complaint and monitoring mechanisms that is accessible for CSOs beyond the consultative status.
SUARAM calls upon the Government of Malaysia to cease its violations of human rights and adopt laws which are compliant with recognized international human rights standards and practice an inclusive and fair enforcement of the law to safeguard the rights of the people of Malaysia. Acknowledging the growing security threat posed by extremist groups, SUARAM urges the Malaysian Government to understand that human rights and security are not mutually exclusive but complement each other. Without human rights and civil liberties, all attempts to nullify the threat of extremism brought on by any terrorist groups will only be doomed to failure.
This paper evaluates how the Burma/Myanmar Government has fared in the past year in addressing human rights issues in the context of recommendations by the United Nations. One year ago, the 31st session of the UN Human Rights Council (HRC) came at a crucial juncture in the country’s history as the newly elected National League for Democracy (NLD) - led government was about to take charge. The session saw the country’s UPR adoption, a report by the UN Special Rapporteur on Myanmar Yanghee Lee, and Council resolution 31/24 on the country. Later in the year, at the 32 nd HRC session, the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights, Zeid Ra'ad Al Hussein, released a report on Rohingya and minorities, which was followed by an updated report and set of recommendations by the Special Rapporteur to the 71st session of the General Assembly. Moving into the 34th session of the Council, how much has changed?
This study examines this rapidly evolving landscape and its potential implications. It focuses on the ASEAN region, and draws examples particularly from the lower Mekong countries. However, it will also be of value to individuals and groups elsewhere in Asia and internationally who are monitoring these developments. The main focus is on the formation of the AIIB and the implementation of the One Belt One Road initiative. The paper also looks at other Chinese financial institutions, including policy banks andinvestment funds, assessing the potential impact they are likely to have in the region and beyond as Chinese outbound investment continues to grow.
This study, Strengthening and Harmonizing Labour Standards in ASEAN: A Framework for Union Advocacy, covers international labour standards on wages; working time; social protection, including occupational safety and health, social security and maternity protection; equality of opportunity and treatment and non-discrimination at work; freedom of association and right to organize, collective bargaining, social dialogue and tripartism; and labour inspection.
A huge challenge for the NLD-led Government, however, is the process of dismantling the enormous influence of the Myanmar Army over the country’s governance structure and institutions including the day-to-day administration of the country that runs right down to village level through the ubiquitous, General Administration Department (GAD). As such, this briefing paper provides an overview of the GAD, along with an analysis into why wresting control of the administrative body from the Myanmar Army is essential for the future of the country.
The following report is the sixth annual review of the performance of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) human rights mechanisms produced by the Asian Forum for Human Rights and Development (FORUM-ASIA) and the Solidarity for ASEAN People’s Advocacies – Task Force on ASEAN and Human Rights (SAPA TFAHR).
Over the past year, Southeast Asia has witnessed significant setbacks with regard to the abolition of the death penalty, FIDH said in a new report published today, on the occasion of the 14th World Day Against the Death Penalty.
The report, titled “Going backwards: The death penalty in Southeast Asia,” provides an update on the status of the death penalty in the region since last year’s World Day. It also provides important recommendations to governments in the region with a view to make genuine and tangible progress towards the abolition of the death penalty for all crimes.
This document is a summary of stories learnt on the struggle for internet freedoms in Southeast Asia countries during the ASEAN People's Forum 2016 (APF), from 2 August 2016 to 5 August 2016 in Dili, Timor Leste.
The stories were collected through a mapping exercise at the Net Merdeka's1 exhibition booth at the Dili Convention Centre and through a two-hours workshop conducted on 4 August 2016, from 2.00 pm to 4.00 pm, at the National Post Office, Dili.
For 2015, AIPP achieved significant achievements in the expanded implementation of its programmes at all levels—local, national, regional and global. These achievements include the widening reach of AIPP’s information dissemination, increased skills and capacities of individuals including women and IP organizations, and significant contribution to positive policies and guidelines relating to indigenous peoples. It has further strengthened the solidarity and cooperation of indigenous peoples at the regional level, while increasing the support at the local level. AIPP has expanded its regional staff and strengthened its management and staff capacities. Likewise, the Executive Council continued to provide guidance through its regular meetings and as convenors of the programmed committees; and represented AIPP in its advocacy engagements.
The human rights situation for Malaysia in 2015 can be gleaned from the data and statistics for the violations of fundamental liberties documented and monitored by SUARAM. Once again, we can see that the promises of reform made by Prime Minister Najib Razak when he took over the office in 2009 have not been kept. Worse, his recent tribulations arising from the expose of the unaccounted RM2.6 billion in his personal account and mismanagement of 1MDB have led to desperate measures by the state to silence critics and stifle civil and political rights in Malaysia.
This Annual Report covers the period between July 2015 and June 2016.
Hun Sen’s family have been key to the longevity of his political career. They hold key posts across the state apparatus - in politics, the military, police, media, and charities - sectors that prop up the premier’s ruling party through propaganda, political donations or brute force.
Our new exposé, Hostile Takeover, reveals the economic dimensions of this regime, shedding light on a huge network of secret deal-making and nepotism that emanates from the Hun family and underpins the Cambodian economy.
For 2015, AIPP achieved significant achievements in the expanded implementation of its programmes at all levels—local, national, regional and global. These achievements include the widening reach of AIPP’s information dissemination, increased skills and capacities of individuals including women and IP organizations, and significant contribution to positive policies and guidelines relating to indigenous peoples.