ASEAN Intergovernmental Commission on Human Rights

This SCORE CARD considers the mandate, powers, institutional structure and resources required for a regional human rights commission to function effectively. The indicators against which the Commissions are scored are adapted from the 1993 UN Principles Relating to the Status of National (Human Rights) Institutions (the Paris Principles), and a Non-Paper, “Principles for Regional Human Rights Mechanisms” developed by the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR). These indicators allow for the ASEAN Intergovernmental Commission on Human Rights (AICHR) and the ASEAN Commission on the Promotion and Protection of the Rights of Women and Children (ACWC) to be compared against two other regional human rights commissions, the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights and the African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights. Each Commission has been measured against these indicators in accordance with their Terms of Reference/ Charter/ Convention and work in practice.

Score Card Details
{head}Commission Mandate and PowersAICHRAFRICANINTER-AMERICAN
Mandate from Binding Human Rights Treaty011
Power to Receive Individual Complaints011
Power to Receive State Complaints011
Power to Hold Hearings to Respond to Complaints011
Power to Negotiate Settlement of Disputes/ Complaints between parties011
Power to Make Recommendations and Proposals to Member States111
Power to Report Publically on Specific Human Rights Situations in Member States011
Power to Request Information from Member States111
Power to Undertake Country Visits011
Special Procedures (Special Rapporteurs)011
Power to Report on General Human Rights themes111
Advisory Function to Member States111
Urgent Action Mechanism011
Public Information/ Education Function111
State Parties Must Submit Reports on Treaty/ Declaration Obligations011
{head}Independence and Plurality
Own Secretariat011
Own Premises011
Commissioners by Democratic Appointment011
Commissioners Serve in Personal Capacity011
All Commissioners have Human Rights Expertise011
Ensure a Balance of Nationalities within Commission111
Commission Members have Diplomatic Immunities and Privileges111
{head}Transparency/ Accountability
Institutionalized Forums for Engagement with Civil Society Organizations011
Sessions/ Decisions can be Public011
Public Annual Activity Report011
{result}Overall Score27%100%100%